Anish Kapoor was born in Bombay in 1954 and later moved to London in the 1970s to study at the Hornsey College of Art, and Chelsea School of Art where he earned his master’s degree. His work has been shown in numerous solo group exhibitions worldwide. Kapoor is also regarded as one of the most influential sculptors of his generation creating brave and adventures sculptural forms.
Kapoor won the Turner prize in 1991, a year after he represented Britain at the Venice Biennale, and was awarded a CBE in 2003 and a Knighthood in 2013 for services to visual arts, and later received an honorary doctorate from the University of Oxford in 1994. The 1980s marked the use of natural materials as marble, granite, limestone, pigment and plaster forms with a minimal concept of characteristics by rich colour and optical effect of depth.
During the late 1980s and early 1990s, Kapoor started to exploit the stone which he later used for play with dualities like earth-sky. Years later, he became interested in the highly reflective surface of polished stainless steel. The Cloud Gate was constructed in 2006 at the Millennium Park in Chicago, USA, and highlighted one of Kapoor’s finest piece of art, which became one of Chicago’s greatest landmarks and a prominent feature for selfies. The Cloud Gate is made up of 168 stainless steel plate welded together into a highly polished work of art, which spread across the surface by 42 ft and weight 98 tons. This piece of art reflects its surroundings and visitors into a deeper spiritual investigation of oneself, and especially, the concave chamber located at the bottom which bends and multiplies reflections.